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This is a list of oil spills throughout the world.

One tonne of crude oil is roughly equal to 308 US gallons, or 7.33 barrels. The amounts shown are inexact.

LargeEdit

Oil spills of over 100,000 tonnes or 30 million US gallons, ordered by tonnes
Spill / Tanker Location Date Tons of crude oil link
Gulf War oil spill Persian Gulf January 23, 1991 780,000–1,500,000 [1] [2] [3]
Ixtoc I oil well Gulf of Mexico June 3, 1979 - March 23, 1980 454,000–480,000 [4] [5]
Atlantic Empress / Aegean Captain Trinidad and Tobago July 19, 1979 287,000 [6] [7]
Fergana Valley Uzbekistan March 2, 1992 285,000 [2]
Nowruz Field Platform Persian Gulf February 4, 1983 260,000 [8]
ABT Summer Template:Convert/nmi off Angola May 28, 1991 260,000 [6]
Castillo de Bellver Saldanha Bay, South Africa August 6, 1983 252,000 [6]
Amoco Cadiz Brittany, France March 16, 1978 223,000–227,000 [6] [2] [9][10][2]
MT Haven Mediterranean Sea near Genoa, Italy April 11, 1991 144,000 [6]
Odyssey Template:Convert/nmi off Nova Scotia, Canada November 10, 1988 132,000 [6]
Sea Star Gulf of Oman December 19, 1972 115,000 [6] [2]
Irenes Serenade Navarino Bay, Greece 1980 100,000 [6]
Urquiola A Coruña, Spain May 12, 1976 100,000 [6]
MT Independenţa Bosphorus, Turkey November 15, 1979 95,000 [6]
Hawaiian Patriot Template:Convert/nmi off Honolulu, Hawaii February 26, 1977 95,000 [6][2]
Jakob Maersk Oporto, Portugal January 29, 1975 88,000 [6]
Braer Shetland Islands, UK January 5, 1993 85,000 [6]
Ekofisk oil field North Sea April 22, 1977 81,000
Torrey Canyon Scilly Isles, UK March 18, 1967 80,000–119,000 [6] [2]
Aegean Sea A Coruña, Spain December 3, 1992 74,000 [6]
Katina P Maputo, Mozambique 1992 72,000 [6]
Khark 5 Template:Convert/nmi off Atlantic coast of Morocco 1989 70,000–80,000 [6] [2]
Nova Off Kharg Island, Gulf of Iran 1985 70,000 [6]
Betelgeuse Bantry Bay, Ireland January 8, 1979 64,000 [11]
Prestige Galicia, Spain November 13, 2002 63,000 [6][12]
Greenpoint, Brooklyn Oil Spill Newtown Creek, Greenpoint, Brooklyn, New York, USA 1940s and 1950s 55,200–97,400 [13]
Othello Tralhavet Bay, Sweden March 20, 1970 50,000–60,000 [2] [1]
Metula Strait of Magellan, Chile August 9, 1974 50,000–51,000 [14]
Sea Empress Wales, UK February 15, 1996 40,000–72,000 [6] [2]
Exxon Valdez Prince William Sound, Alaska, USA March 24, 1989 37,000 [6] [15]
Corinthos Delaware River, Marcus Hook, Pennsylvania, USA January 31, 1975 35,700
Tasman Spirit Karachi, Pakistan July 28, 2003 28,000–30,000 [16] [17]
Argo Merchant Nantucket Island, Massachusetts, USA December 15, 1976 25,000–28,000

[18] [19]

Jiyeh power station oil spill Lebanon July 14, July 15, 2006 20,000–30,000 [20]
Nakhodka Sea of Japan December, 1997 19,000 [1]
Kirki tanker Pacific ocean, off the coast of West Australia July 21, 1991 17,280 [21]
Mega Borg Gulf of Mexico, 57 miles southeast of Galveston Texas 1990 16,500 [22]
Seki United Arab Emirates March 31, 1994 15,900 [2]
Erika Bay of Biscay, France December 12, 1999 15,000–25,000 [1] [2]
Tanio Brittany, France 7 March, 1980 13,500 [23]
Limburg bombing Gulf of Aden October 6, 2002 12,200
Hebei Spirit oil spill Yellow Sea, South Korea 7 December, 2007 10,800 [24]
1969 Santa Barbara oil spill Santa Barbara, California January 28, 1969 10,000–14,000 [25]
Ashland Oil Spill Floreffe, Pennsylvania, USA January 2 1988 10,000 [26] [27]
Burmah Agate Galveston Bay, Texas, USA November 1, 1979 8,440 [28]
Citgo refinery Lake Charles, LA June 19, 2006 6,500 (approximately)

[29]

Mobil Nigeria Oil Spill Nigeria January 12, 1998 5,500 [2]
North Cape Rhode Island, USA January 19, 1996 2,500 [30]
Kab 101 Bay of Campeche, Mexico October 23 - December 17, 2007 1,869 [31]
MV Selendang Ayu Unalaska Island, Alaska, USA December 8, 2004 1,560 [2]
Treasure Cape Town, South Africa June, 2000 1,400 [1]
Grand Eagle Delaware River, Marcus Hook, Pennsylvania, USA September 28, 1985 1,400
Amorgos Oil Spill Southern coast of Taiwan January 14, 2001 1,150 [32]
(ruptured pipeline) Guanabara Bay, Rio de Janeiro January, 2000 1,100 [1]
Kerch Strait Oil Spill Strait of Kerch, Ukraine and Russia November 11, 2007 1,000 [33]
NEPCO 140 Oil Spill Saint Lawrence River, USA June 23, 1976 1000 [34][35]
American Trader Bolsa Chica State Beach, California, USA 1990 980 [2] [36]
Prudhoe Bay Alaska North Slope March 2, 2006 866 [37]
Athos 1 Delaware River, USA November 26, 2004 860
Julie N. Portland, Maine, USA September 27 1996 586 [38]
Jessica Galapagos Islands January, 2001 568 [39] [1]
Bouchard No. 120 Buzzards Bay, Massachusetts, USA April 27, 2003 320 [40]
West Cork oil spill Southern coast of Ireland February 2009 ~300 (?)
2009 Queensland oil spill Queensland, Australia March 10, 2009 230+
2007 San Francisco Bay oil spill San Francisco, CA November 7, 2007 188 [41]
Guimaras oil spill Philippines August 11, 2006 172–1,540 [20]
World Glory South Africa January 8, 1979  ?
Keo Massachusetts, USA November 5, 1969  ?
(storage tank) Sewaren, New Jersey, USA November 4, 1969  ?
African Queen Ocean City, Maryland December 30, 1958  ?

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 "Major Oil Spills". Retrieved on 2008-11-02.
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 "Oil Spill History". The Mariner Group. Retrieved on 2008-11-02.
  3. "Arabian Gulf Spills". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved on 2008-11-03.
  4. "IXTOC I". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved on 2008-11-03.
  5. "Ixtoc 1 oil spill: flaking of surface mousse in the Gulf of Mexico". Nature Publishing Group. Retrieved on 2008-11-03.
  6. 6.00 6.01 6.02 6.03 6.04 6.05 6.06 6.07 6.08 6.09 6.10 6.11 6.12 6.13 6.14 6.15 6.16 6.17 6.18 6.19 6.20 "Major Oil Spills". International Tanker Owners Pollution Federation. Retrieved on 2008-11-02.
  7. "Atlantic Empress". Centre de Documentation de Recherche et d'Expérimentations. Retrieved on 2008-11-10.
  8. "Oil Spills and Disasters". Retrieved on 2008-11-16.
  9. "Amoco Cadiz". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved on 2008-11-16.
  10. [1]
  11. "Betelgeuse". Centre de Documentation de Recherche et d'Expérimentations. Retrieved on 15 March 2009.
  12. [http://assets.panda.org/downloads/finalprestige.pdf WWF: The Prestige: one year on, a continuing disaster], November, 2003
  13. Greenpoint, Maspeth Residents Lobby To Get 55-Year-Old Oil Spill Cleaned Up, New York Sun, November 18, 2005
  14. ITOPF: METULA (Chile, 1974)
  15. Cruel, Crude at sprol.com's "Worst Places in the World"
  16. ITOPF Case History: Tasman Spirit
  17. WWF: August 2003 - Karachi oil spill, Pakistan
  18. ITOPF: ARGO MERCHANT (USA, 1976)
  19. "Argo Merchant". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved on 2008-11-16.
  20. 20.0 20.1 "Oil spills - Philippines, Indian Ocean and Lebanon". Greenpeace (2006-08-18). Retrieved on 2008-11-16.
  21. Major Oil Spills in Australia: Kirki, Western Australia, 21 July 1991 from the Australian Maritime Safety Authority
  22. "M/V Mega Borg". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved on 2008-11-16.
  23. ITOPF: TANIO (France, 1980)
  24. Template:Cite 2008-11-16
  25. Brief Oil and Gas History of Santa Barbara County from the County of Santa Barbara, California
  26. Oil Spills report from the Air and Waste Management Association
  27. Nightmare on The Monongahela, Time Magazine, January 18, 1988
  28. "Burmah Agate". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved on 2008-11-16.
  29. "CITGO Oil Spill" (PDF). Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality (2006-07-25). Retrieved on 2008-11-16.
  30. Rhode Island Oil Spill Is More Serious Than Initially Thought, New York Times, January 22, 1996
  31. Usumacinta and Kab 101 Blowout
  32. Cabinet frees Greek crew at the Taipei Times]
  33. "Fuel spill disaster reported in waters near Russia". CNN International (2007-11-11). Retrieved on 2008-11-16.
  34. "Albert T. McKINNEY v. US - 30 April, 1979= 2009-07-01".
  35. "Save The River Report= 2009-07-01".
  36. American Trader Oil Spill, California Office of Spill Prevention and Response
  37. "Oil spill is the North Slope's biggest ever". Anchorage Daily News (2006-03-10). Retrieved on 2008-11-16.
  38. How do oil spills impact Casco Bay? report by the Casco Bay Estuary Partnership
  39. Oil Spills at thinkquest.org
  40. Overview of the Bouchard 120 oil spill from the Buzzards Bay National Estuary Program
  41. "Spill closes bay beaches as oil spreads, kills wildlife". San Francisco Chronicle (2007-11-09). Retrieved on 2008-11-16.

External linksEdit

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