FANDOM


Template:Toolong The following is a list of major earthquakes.

USGS list of significant earthquakesEdit

This is a list of significant earthquakes as listed by the USGS. For other ancient or recent earthquakes not listed here, see the tables below.

Date Time‡ Place Lat. Long. Fatalities Mag. MX† (M reference)
01556-01-23January 23, 1556 Shaanxi, China
see Shaanxi Earthquake
34.5 109.7 830,000+ 8.2~.3
01668-08-17August 17, 1668 Anatolia, Turkey 40 36 8,000 8
01700-01-26January 26, 1700 Cascadia subduction zone
see 1700 Cascadia earthquake
9 M (Satake et al, 1996)
01755-11-01November 1, 1755 10:16 Lisbon, Portugal
see 1755 Lisbon earthquake
36 -11 80,000 8.7 MI (Johnston, 1996)
01811-12-16December 16, 1811 08:00 New Madrid, Missouri, USA
see 1812 New Madrid earthquake
36.6 -89.6 8.1 MI (Johnston, 1996)
01812-01-23January 23, 1812 15:00 New Madrid, Missouri, USA 36.6 -89.6 7.8 MI (Johnston, 1996)
01812-02-07February 7, 1812 09:45 New Madrid, Missouri, USA 36.6 -89.6 8 MI (Johnston, 1996)
01823-06-02June 2, 1823 08:00 south flank of Kīlauea, Hawaii, USA 19.3 -155 7 MI (Klein and Wright, 2000)
01836-06-10June 10, 1836 15:30 south San Francisco Bay region, California, Mexico (now USA) 36.9 -121.5 6.5 MI (Bakun, 1999)
01838-06-31June 1838 San Francisco Peninsula, California, Mexico (now USA) 37.3 -123.2 6.8 MI (Bakun, 1999)
01843-01-05January 5, 1843 02:45 Marked Tree, Arkansas, USA 35.5 -90.5 6.3 MI (Johnston, 1996)
01857-01-09January 9, 1857 16:24 Fort Tejon, California, USA (San Andreas fault from Parkfield to Wrightwood)
see 1857 Fort Tejon earthquake
1 7.9 M (Grant and Sieh, 1993; Stein and Hanks, 1998)
01857-12-16December 16, 1857 21:00 Naples, Italy 40.3 16 11,000 6.9 MI
01865-10-08October 8, 1865 20:46 San Jose, California, USA 37.2 121.9 6.5 MI (Bakun, 1999)
01868-04-03April 3, 1868 02:25 Hilea, southeast Hawaii, Hawaii, USA 19.2 -155.5 77 7.9 MI (Klein and Wright, 2000)
01868-10-21October 21, 1868 15:53 Hayward, California, USA, Hayward Fault Zone
see 1868 Hayward earthquake
37.7 -122.1 30 6.8 MI (Bakun, 1999)
01871-02-20February 20, 1871 08:42 Molokai, Hawaii, USA 21.2 -156.9 6.8 MI (Klein and Wright, 2000)
01872-03-26March 26, 1872 10:30 Owens Valley, California, USA
see 1872 Lone Pine earthquake
36.5 -118 27 7.6 M (Beanland and Clark, 1994)
01872-12-15December 15, 1872 05:40 north Cascades, Washington, USA 47.9 -120.3 7.3 MI (Malone and Bor, 1979; Rogers et al., 1983)
01873-11-23November 23, 1873 05:00 California-Oregon coast, USA 42.2 -124.2 7.3 MI (Bakun, 2000)
01886-08-31August 31, 1886 02:51 Charleston, South Carolina, USA 32.9 -80 60 7.3 MI (Johnston, 1996)
01890-04-24April 24, 1890 11:36 Corralitos, California, USA 37 121.8 6.3 MI (Bakun, 1999)
01891-10-27October 27, 1891 21:38 Mino-Owari (Gifu-Aichi Prefectures), Tōkai region, Japan
see Nōbi Earthquake
35.6 136.6 7,273 8 MS
01892-04-19April 19, 1892 10:50 Vacaville, California, USA 38.5 -121.8 1 6.4 MI (Bakun, 1999)
01892-04-21April 21, 1892 17:43 Winters, California, USA 38.6 -122 6.4 MI (Bakun, 1999)
01895-10-31October 31, 1895 11:08 Charleston, Missouri, USA 37 -89.4 6.6 MI (Johnston, 1996)
01896-06-15June 15, 1896 19:32 Off the Pacific coast of Sanriku, Iwate Prefecture, Tōhoku region, Japan 39.5 144 8.5 (approx) M
01897-06-12June 12, 1897 11:06 Assam, India 26 91 1,500 8.3
01897-06-20June 20, 1897 20:14 Calaveras Fault, California, USA 37 -121.6 6.3 MI (Bakun, 1999)
01898-03-31March 31, 1898 07:43 Mare Island, California, USA 38.1 122.4 6.3 MI (Bakun, 1999)
01898-04-15April 15, 1898 07:07 Mendocino County, California, USA 39.3 -123.9 6.8 MI (Bakun, 2000)
01899-09-04September 4, 1899 00:22 Cape Yakataga, Alaska, USA 60 -142 7.9 MS
01899-09-10September 10, 1899 21:41 Yakutat Bay, Alaska, USA 60 -142 8 MS
01900-10-09October 9, 1900 12:28 Kodiak Island, Alaska, USA 57.1 -153.5 7.7 MS
01901-03-03March 3, 1901 07:45 Parkfield, California, USA 36.2 -120.7 6.4 MS (Abe, 1988)
01904-08-27August 27, 1904 21:56 Fairbanks, Alaska, USA 64.7 -148.1 7.3 MS
01905-07-09July 9, 1905 09:40 Mongolia 49 99 8.4 M
01906-01-31January 31, 1906 15:36 Colombia-Ecuador 1 -81.5 1,000 8.8 M
01906-04-18April 18, 1906 13:12 San Francisco, California, USA (San Andreas fault from Cape Mendocino to San Juan Bautista)
see San Francisco earthquake of 1906
3,000 7.8 M (Bakun, 1999)
01906-08-17August 17, 1906 00:40 Valparaíso, Chile -33 -72 20,000 8.2 M
01908-12-28December 28, 1908 04:20 Messina & Reggio Calabria, Italy 38.3 15.6 70,000 7.2 MS
01911-07-01July 1, 1911 22:00 Calaveras Fault, California, USA 37.39 -121.8 6.5 MS
01915-10-03October 3, 1915 06:52 Pleasant Valley, Nevada, USA 40.5 -117.5 7.1 M (Stover and Coffman, 1993)
01918-10-11October 11, 1918 14:14 Puerto Rico, USA 18.47 -67.63 116 7.5 MS (McCann, 1985)
01918-12-06December 6, 1918 08:41 Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada 49.62 -125.92 7 ML (Gutenberg and Richter, 1954: Rogers, 1983)
01920-12-16December 16, 1920 12:05 Ningxia-Gansu, China
see 1920 Haiyuan earthquake
36.6 105.32 200,000 8.6 MS
01922-01-31January 31, 1922 13:17 offshore, Cape Mendocino, California, USA 40.7 -125.55 7.3 MG-R (Ellsworth, 1990)
01922-03-10March 10, 1922 11:21 Parkfield, California, USA 35.9 120.9 6.1 M (Bakun and McEvilly, 1984)
01923-01-22January 22, 1923 09:04 offshore, Cape Mendocino, California, USA 40.49 -125.32 7.2 MG-R (Ellsworth, 1990)
01923-09-01September 1, 1923 02:58 Kantō region, Japan
see 1923 Great Kantō earthquake
35.4 139.08 143,000 7.9 M
01925-03-01February 2, 1925 02:19 Charlevoix, Quebec, Canada
see 1925 Charlevoix-Kamouraska earthquake
47.76 -69.84 6.3 M (Bent, 1992)
01925-06-28June 28, 1925 01:21 Clarkston Valley, Montana, USA 46.32 -111.52 6.6 M (Dosier, 1989)
01925-06-29June 29, 1925 14:42 Santa Barbara, California, USA 34.3 -119.8 13 6.8 M (Stein and Hanks, 1998)
01926-10-22October 22, 1926 12:35 Monterey Bay, California, USA 36.62 -122.35 6.1 MG-R (Ellsworth, 1990)
01926-10-22October 22, 1926 13:35 Monterey Bay, California, USA 36.55 -122.18 6.1 MG-R (Ellsworth, 1990)
01927-03-07March 7, 1927 09:27 Tango Peninsula, northern Kyoto Prefecture, Kinki region, Japan 35.8 134.92 3,020 7.6 MS
01927-05-22May 22, 1927 22:32 Gulang, Gansu, China 37.39 102.31 40,000 7.9 MS
01927-11-04November 4, 1927 13:51 offshore Lompoc, California, USA 34.92 -121.03 7.1 M (Stein and Hanks, 1998)
01929-11-18November 18, 1929 20:32 Grand Banks, Newfoundland, Canada 44.69 -56.01 7.3 M (Bent, 1995)
01932-12-21December 21, 1932 06:10 Cedar Mountain, Nevada, USA 38.51 -118.08 7.2 M
01933-03-02March 2, 1933 17:31 Off the Pacific coast of Sanriku, Iwate Prefecture, Tōhoku region, Japan
see 1933 Sanriku earthquake
39.22 144.62 2,990 8.4 M
01933-03-11March 11, 1933 01:54 Long Beach, California, USA
see 1933 Long Beach earthquake
33.6 -118 115 6.4 M (Hauksson & Gross, 1991)
01933-11-20November 20, 1933 23:21 Baffin Bay, Canada 73 -69.98 7.4 M (Stein et al. 1979)
01934-01-15January 15, 1934 08:43 Bihar, India 27.55 87.09 10,700 8.1 M (Chen and Molnar, 1977)
01934-06-08June 8, 1934 04:47 Parkfield, California, USA 35.9 -120.9 6.1 M (Bakun and McEvilly, 1984)
01935-11-01November 1, 1935 06:03 Témiscaming, Quebec, Canada
See 1935 Timiskaming earthquake.
48.89 -79 6.2 M (Bent, 1996)
01937-07-22July 22, 1937 17:09 Salcha, Alaska, USA 64.49 -146.85 7.3 MS
01938-01-23January 23, 1938 08:32 Maui, Hawaii, USA 20.96 -156.18 6.8 MS (Klein and Wright, 2000)
01938-11-10November 10, 1938 20:18 Shumagin Islands, Alaska, USA 55.33 -158.37 8.2 M
01939-12-26December 26, 1939 23:57 Erzincan, Turkey
see 1939 Erzincan earthquake
39.77 39.53 32,700 7.8 MS
01940-05-19May 19, 1940 04:36 Imperial Valley, California, USA 32.73 -115.5 9 7.1 M (Ellsworth, 1990)
01940-11-10November 10, 1940 01:39 Vrancea, Romania 45.80 26.70 4,000 7.4 M (LT, 2007)
01944-12-07December 7, 1944 04:35 Off the east coast of Kii Peninsula, Wakayama Prefecture, Kinki region, Japan
known as Template:Nihongo3
33.75 136 1,223 8.1 M
01946-04-01April 1, 1946 12:28 Unimak Island, Alaska, USA 52.75 -163.5 165 7.3 MS (Stover and Coffman, 1993)
01946-06-23June 23, 1946 17:13 Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada
see 1946 Vancouver Island earthquake
49.75 -124.5 7.3 ML (Gutenberg and Richter, 1954: Rogers, 1983)
01946-08-04August 4, 1946 17:51 Dominican Republic 19.25 -69 100 8 MS (Abe, 1981)
01946-12-20December 20, 1946 19:19 Off southern Wakayama Prefecture, Kinki-Shikoku regions, Japan
see 1946 Nankaidō earthquake
32.5 134.5 1,330 8.1 M
01947-10-16October 16, 1947 02:09 Fairbanks, Alaska, USA 64.2 -148.3 7.2 M
01949-04-13April 13, 1949 19:55 Olympia, Washington, USA 47.1 -122.7 8 7.1 ML (Baker and Langston, 1987)
01949-08-22August 22, 1949 04:01 Queen Charlotte Islands, British Columbia, Canada
see 1949 Queen Charlotte earthquake
53.62 -133.27 8.1 MS (Gutenberg and Richter, 1954)
01950-08-15August 15, 1950 14:09 Assam-Tibet 28.5 96.5 1,526 8.6 M
01951-08-21August 21, 1951 10:57 Kona, Hawaii, USA 19.5 -155.95 6.9 MS (Klein and Wright, 2000)
01952-07-21July 21, 1952 11:52 Kern County, California, USA 34.95 -119.05 12 7.3 M (Stein and Hanks, 1998)
01952-11-04November 4, 1952 16:58 Kamchatka, Russia
see Kamchatka earthquakes
52.76 160.06 9 M
01954-03-29March 29, 1954 06:17 Spain 37.03 -3.51 7.9 M
01954-07-06July 6, 1954 11:13 Rainbow Mountain, Nevada, USA 39.42 -118.53 6.6 M (Ellsworth, 1990)
01954-08-24August 24, 1954 05:51 Stillwater, Nevada, USA 39.58 -118.45 6.8 M (Ellsworth, 1990)
01954-12-16December 16, 1954 11:07 Fairview Peak, Nevada, USA 39.32 -118.2 7.1 M (Ellsworth, 1990)
01954-12-16December 16, 1954 11:11 Dixie Valley, Nevada, USA 39.5 -118 6.8 M (Ellsworth, 1990)
01955-10-24October 24, 1955 04:10 Concord, California, USA 38 -122.1 1 5.4 ML (Bolt and Miller, 1975)
01957-03-09March 9, 1957 14:22 Andreanof Islands, Alaska, USA
see 1957 Andreanof Islands earthquake
51.56 -175.39 9.1 M
01957-12-04December 4, 1957 03:37 Govi-Altai Province, Mongolia 45.15 99.21 30 8.1 M
01958-04-07April 7, 1958 15:30 Huslia, Alaska, USA 65.94 -156.37 7.3 M
01958-07-10July 10, 1958 06:15 Fairweather, Alaska, USA
comment caused megatsunami in Lituya Bay, Alaska
58.37 -136.66 5 7.7 M
01959-08-18August 18, 1959 06:37 Hebgen Lake, Montana, USA
see 1959 Yellowstone earthquake
44.6 -110.64 28 7.3 M (Dosier, 1985)
01960-02-29February 29, 1960 23:40 Agadir, Morocco
see 1960 Agadir earthquake)
30.5 -9.3 10,000 5.7 M
01960-05-22May 22, 1960 19:11 Valdivia, Chile
see 1960 Valdivia earthquake
-38.24 -73.05 5,700 9.5 M
01964-03-28March 28, 1964 03:36 Prince William Sound, Alaska, USA
see 1964 Alaska earthquake
61.02 -147.65 125 9.2 M
01964-06-16June 16, 1964 04:01 Off northern Niigata Prefecture, Chūbu region, Japan 38.43 139.23 26 7.5 M
01965-02-04February 4, 1965 05:01 Rat Islands, Alaska, USA 51.21 -178.5 8.7 M
01965-04-29April 29, 1965 08:29 Seattle-Tacoma, Washington, USA 47.32 -122.33 7 6.5 ML (Algermissen and Harding, 1965)
01966-06-28June 28, 1966 04:26 Parkfield, California, USA 35.88 -120.49 6.1 M (Tsai and Aki, 1969)
01966-09-12September 12, 1966 16:41 Truckee, California, USA 39.38 -120.22 5.9 M (Tsai and Aki, 1970)
01967-12-10December 10, 1967 22:51 Koynanagar, India 17.39 73.77 6.3 M (Langston, 1976)
01968-08-31August 31, 1968 22:51 Dasht Bayaz & Ferdows, Iran
see 1968 Dasht-e Bayaz and Ferdows earthquake
33.9 59.02 7,000-12,000Template:Smn 7.3
01969-10-02October 2, 1969 06:19 Santa Rosa, California, USA 38.3 -122.76 1 5.7 ML (Bolt and Miller, 1975)
01970-05-31May 31, 1970 20:23 Peru -9.25 -78.84 66,000 7.9 M
01970-07-31July 31, 1970 17:08 Colombia -1.49 -72.56 8 MS
01971-02-09February 9, 1971 14:00 Sylmar, California, USA
see Sylmar earthquake
34.4 -118.39 65 6.7 M (Heaton, 1982)
01972-12-23December 23, 1972 06:29 Managua, Nicaragua
see 1972 Nicaragua earthquake
12.35 86.12 6,000 6.2 MW (Brown, R. D., P. L. Ward, and G. Plafker (1973))
01975-02-04February 4, 1975 11:36 Haicheng, China
see 1975 Haicheng earthquake
40.72 122.73 10,000 7 M (Cipar, 1979)
01975-08-01August 1, 1975 20:20 Oroville, California, USA 39.5 -121.39 5.8 M
01975-11-29November 29, 1975 14:47 south flank of Kīlauea, Hawaii, USA 19.45 -155.03 2 7.2 MS (Klein and Wright, 2000)
01976-02-04February 4, 1976 09:01 Guatemala 15.3 -89.14 23,000 7.5 M
01976-07-27July 27, 1976 19:42 Tangshan, China
see Tangshan earthquake
39.61 117.89 242,419* 7.6 M
01978-09-16September 16, 1978 19:38 Tabas, Yazd Province, Iran
see 1978 Tabas earthquake
7.7
01979-08-06August 6, 1979 17:05 Coyote Lake (Santa Clara County, California), USA 37.11 -121.52 5.7 M (Ellsworth, 1990)
01979-10-15October 15, 1979 23:17 Imperial Valley, California, USA 32.82 -115.65 6.4 M (Hartzell and Heaton, 1983)
01980-01-24January 24, 1980 19:00 Livermore, California, USA 37.71 -121.73 5.8 M (Bolt et al., 1981)
01980-05-25May 25, 1980 16:33 Mammoth Lakes, California, USA 37.6 -118.83 6.1 M (Ellsworth, 1990)
01980-05-25May 25, 1980 16:49 Mammoth Lakes, California, USA 37.65 -118.9 5.9 ML (Ellsworth, 1990)
01980-05-25May 25, 1980 19:44 Mammoth Lakes, California, USA 37.55 -118.82 5.8 M (Ellsworth, 1990)
01980-05-27May 27, 1980 14:50 Mammoth Lakes, California, USA 37.48 -118.8 6 M (Ellsworth, 1990)
01980-11-08November 8, 1980 10:27 Gorda Plate, California, USA 41.12 -124.67 7.2 M (Ellsworth, 1990)
01980-11-23November 23, 1980 19:34 Irpinia, Southern Italy 40.87 15.31 2735 6.8 M
01983-05-02May 2, 1983 23:42 Coalinga, California, USA 36.23 -120.32 6.5 M (Ellsworth, 1990)
01983-03-31March 31, 1983 Popayan, Cauca Department, Colombia 197 5.5
01983-10-28October 28, 1983 14:06 Borah Peak, Idaho, USA 44.09 -113.8 2 7 M (PDE Monthly Listing)
01983-11-16November 16, 1983 16:13 Kaoiki, Hawaii, USA 19.44 155.38 6.7 M (PDE Monthly Listing)
01984-04-24April 24, 1984 21:15 Morgan Hill, California, USA 37.3 -121.71 6.2 M (PDE Monthly Listing)
01984-11-23November 23, 1984 18:08 Round Valley, California, USA 37.45 -118.6 5.7 M (Ellsworth, 1990)
01985-09-19September 19, 1985 13:17 Michoacán, Mexico
see 1985 Mexico City earthquake
18.44 -102.36 9,500 8 M (PDE Monthly Listing)
01985-12-23December 23, 1985 05:16 Nahanni, Northwest Territories, Canada 62.16 -124.31 6.8 M (Wetmiller et al., 1988)
01986-05-07May 7, 1986 22:47 Andreanof Islands, Alaska, USA 51.56 -174.81 8 M (PDE Monthly Listing)
01986-07-08July 8, 1986 09:20 north Palm Springs, California, USA 33.97 -116.78 6.1 M (Hartzell, 1989)
01986-07-21July 21, 1986 14:42 Chalfant Valley, California, USA 37.53 -118.43 6.2 M (Ellsworth, 1990)
01987-10-01October 1, 1987 14:42 Whittier Narrows, California, USA
see Whittier Narrows earthquake
34.06 -118.13 8 5.9 M (Hartzell and Iida, 1990)
01987-11-30November 30, 1987 19:23 Gulf of Alaska, USA 58.84 -142.6 7.9 M (PDE Monthly Listing)
01988-01-22January 22, 1988 00:35 Tennant Creek, Northern Territory, Australia -19.87 133.78 6.3 M (Choy and Bowman, 1990)
01988-01-22January 22, 1988 03:57 Tennant Creek, Northern Territory, Australia -19.88 133.83 6.4 M (Choy and Bowman, 1990)
01988-01-22January 22, 1988 12:04 Tennant Creek, Northern Territory, Australia -19.9 133.83 6.6 M (Choy and Bowman, 1990)
01988-03-06March 6, 1988 22:35 Gulf of Alaska, USA 57.26 -142.75 7.8 M (PDE Monthly Listing)
01988-11-25November 25, 1988 23:46 Saguenay, Quebec, Canada 48.06 -71.27 5.9 M (Boatwright and Choy, 1992)
01988-12-07December 7, 1988 07:41 Spitak, Armenia
see Spitak Earthquake
40.93 44.11 25,000 6.8 M (PDE Monthly Listing)
01989-10-17October 17, 1989 00:04 Loma Prieta, California, USA
see 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake
37.14 -121.76 63 6.9 M (Wald et al., 1991)
01989-12-25December 25, 1989 14:24 Ungava Peninsula, Quebec, Canada 60.07 -73.54 6 M (Bent, 1994)
01991-06-28June 28, 1991 14:43 Sierra Madre, California, USA 34.25 -117.95 2 5.6 M (Wald et al., 1991)
01991-08-17August 17, 1991 22:17 Honeydew, California, USA 41.79 -125.58 7.1 M (PDE Monthly Listing)
01992-04-23April 23, 1992 04:50 Joshua Tree, California, USA 33.87 -116.55 6.1 M (Hauksson et al., 1993)
01992-04-25April 25, 1992 18:06 Cape Mendocino, California, USA 40.38 -124.05 7.2 M (PDE Monthly Listing)
01992-04-26April 26, 1992 07:41 offshore, Cape Mendocino, California, USA 40.55 -124.29 6.5 M (Oppenheimer et al., 1993)
01992-04-26April 26, 1992 11:18 offshore, Cape Mendocino, California, USA 40.44 -124.43 6.7 M (Oppenheimer et al., 1993)
01992-06-28June 28, 1992 11:57 Landers, California, USA 34.2 -116.52 3 7.3 M (Sieh et al. 1993)
01992-06-29June 29, 1992 10:14 Little Skull Mountain, Nevada, USA 36.77 -116.32 5.7 M (Walter, 1993)
01992-09-02September 2, 1992 00:16 Nicaragua 11.77 -87.35 116 7.7 M (PDE Monthly Listing)
01993-09-29September 29, 1993 22:25 Latur-Killari, India 18.08 76.52 9,748 6.2 M (PDE Monthly Listing)
01994-01-17January 17, 1994 12:30 Reseda, Los Angeles, California, USA
see 1994 Northridge earthquake
34.18 -118.56 60 6.7 M (PDE Monthly Listing)
01994-06-09June 9, 1994 00:33 Bolivia -13.86 -67.49 5 8.2 M (PDE Monthly Listing)
01994-09-01September 1, 1994 15:15 Cape Mendocino, California, USA 40.38 -125.78 7.1 M (PDE Monthly Listing)
01995-01-17January 17, 1995 05:46 Southern Hyōgo Prefecture, Kinki region, Japan
see Kōbe earthquake
34.57 135.03 5,502 6.9 M (PDE Monthly Listing)
01997-05-21May 21, 1997 22:51 Jabalpur, India 23.07 80.12 38 5.8 M (Singh et al., 1999)
01998-07-17July 17, 1998 08:49 New Guinea, Papua New Guinea -2.94 142.58 2,183 7 M (PDE Monthly Listing)
01999-01-25January 25, 1999 18:19 Colombia 4.45 -75.65 1,185 6.2
01999-08-17August 17, 1999 00:01 İzmit, Turkey
see İzmit earthquake
40.77 30 17,118 7.6 M (PDE Monthly Listing)
01999-09-20September 20, 1999 17:47 Chichi, Nantou, Taiwan</br>see 1999 Chichi earthquake 23.82 120.86 2,400 7.7 M (PDE Monthly Listing)
01999-10-16October 16, 1999 09:46 Hector Mine, California, USA 34.56 -116.44 7.2 M (PDE Monthly Listing)
01999-11-12November 12, 1999 16:57 Düzce, Turkey 40.82 31.23 894 7.2 M (PDE Monthly Listing)
02000-09-03September 3, 2000 08:36 Napa, California, USA 38.38 -122.41 5 M (BRK)
02000-11-16November 16, 2000 04:54 New Ireland, Papua New Guinea -4 152.33 8
02001-01-13January 13, 2001 17:33 El Salvador 13.04 -88.66 844 7.7 M (PDE Monthly Listing)
02001-01-26January 26, 2001 03:16 Gujarat, India
see 2001 Gujarat earthquake
23.39 70.23 20,085 7.7 M (PDE Monthly Listing)
02001-02-28February 28, 2001 18:54 Olympia, Washington, USA
see 2001 Nisqually earthquake
47.11 -122.6 6.8 M (PDE Monthly Listing)
02001-06-23June 23, 2001 20:33 coastal Peru -16.3 -73.55 75 8.4 M (PDE Monthly Listing)
02002-03-25March 25, 2002 14:56 Hindu Kush Region, Afghanistan 36.06 69.32 1,000 6.1 M (PDE Monthly Listing)
02002-04-20April 20, 2002 10:50 Au Sable Forks, New York, USA 44.51 -73.7 5.2 M (PDE Monthly Listing)
02002-11-03November 3, 2002 22:12 Denali National Park, Alaska, USA
see 2002 Denali earthquake
63.52 -147.44 7.9 M (QED)
02003-05-21May 21, 2003 18:44 Boumerdès, Algeria
see 2003 Boumerdès earthquake
36.96 3.63 2,266 6.8 M (QED)
02003-09-25September 25, 2003 19:50 Southeast off Tokachi-Hidaka Subprefectures, Hokkaidō, Japan
see 2003 Hokkaido earthquake
known as Template:Nihongo3
41.82 143.91 8.3 M (PDE Monthly Listing)
02003-11-17November 17, 2003 06:43 Rat Islands, Alaska, USA 51.15 178.65 7.8 M (PDE Monthly Listing)
02003-12-22December 22, 2003 19:15 San Simeon, California, USA 35.71 -121.10 2 6.6 M (PDE Monthly Listing)
02003-12-26December 26, 2003 01:56 southeastern Iran
see Bam: 2003 earthquake
29.00 58.31 31,000 6.6 M (PDE Monthly Listing)
02004-09-28September 28, 2004 17:15 Parkfield, California, USA
see Parkfield-San Bernardino earthquake
35.81 -120.37 6.0 M (QED)
02004-12-26December 26, 2004 00:58 off west coast northern Sumatra, Indonesia
see 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake
3.30 95.87 300,000 is the Minimum number of dead and missing according to several sources 9.3 M (QED)
02005-03-28March 28, 2005 16:09 Northern Sumatra, Indonesia
see 2005 Sumatra earthquake
2.07 97.01 1,313 8.7 M (QED)
02007-10-30October 30, 2007 16:09 San Jose, California 37 122 0 5.6 M (QED)
02008-05-12May 12, 2008 14:28 Sichuan, Gansu and Shaanxi, China
see 2008 Sichuan earthquake
31.0 103.4 65,000 current estimate** 8.0 M (QED)

† MG-R = Gutenberg and Richter's (1954) magnitude, MS = 20 s surface-wave magnitude, M = moment magnitude (Hanks and Kanamori, 1979), and MI is an intensity magnitude, ML is local magnitude (Richter, 1935). 
‡ GMT
 * Fatalities estimated as high as 655,000.
 ** Current death toll 69,197, could be over 87,000.

Source: United States Geological Survey (USGS) [3]

Other earthquakes not listed by the USGSEdit

Date Site Deaths Magnitude or intensity* Comments Source
464 BC Sparta, Greece  ? Led to a helot uprising and strained relations with Athens, one of the factors that led to the Peloponnesian War
226 BC Rhodes, Greece  ? Destroyed Colossus of Rhodes and city of Kameiros
365 Knossos, Crete (Greece) "thousands" XI 365 Crete earthquake Ammianus Marcellinus[1] and numerous other late Antiquity writers[2]
365 Cyrene, Libya  ?  
518 Sagalassos, Turkey -  Recent excavation of statues of Hadrian, Marcus Aurelius, Faustina the Elder[3][4][5] Sagalassos#History
May 19, 526 Antioch, Syria (article) 250,000  526's Antioch earthquake, The city of Antioch was greatly damaged, and some decades later the city's population was just 300,000. Procopius, II.14.6; sources based on John of Ephesus
844 Damascus, Syria 50,000 VIII  
847 Mosul, Iraq 50,000  
847 Damascus, Syria 70,000 X  
856 Corinth, Greece 45,000  
893 Caucasus 82,000  
893 Udaipur, India 180,000  
893 Ardabil, Iran 150,000  
1036 Shanxi, China 23,000  
1042 Palmyra, Baalbek, Syria 50,000 X  
1057 Chihli (Hopeh), China 25,000  
1138 Ganzah, Aleppo, Syria 230,000 XI  
1156-1157 Syria  ?
1170 Sicily 15,000  
June 29, 1170 Eastern Mediterranean 5,000[6]-80,000 in Aleppo
25,000 in Hama
7.3-7.5[7] -7.7[8] Syria, Lebanon, central southern Turkey Numerous sources from Crusader times[9]
July 5, 1201 Eastern Mediterranean 1,100,000 IX Damage across a wide area from Syria to Upper Egypt
1268 Cilicia, Anatolia (Turkey) 60,000 1268 Cilicia earthquake
September 27, 1290 Chihli (Hopeh), China 100,000 6.7  
May 26, 1293 Kamakura, (now in Kanagawa Prefecture, Kantō region,) Japan 30,000  
October 18, 1356 Basel, Switzerland 1,000 6.5 1356 Basel earthquake
May 21, 1382 Canterbury, UK  ? 5.8 Struck during synod - later called "Earthquake Synod" - called to condemn heresy of John Wycliffe - some saw as portentous [10]/[11]
February 2, 1428 Catalonia (now Spain) 100s VIII–IX The Catalan earthquake of 1428 is sometimes called the terratrèmol de la candelera because it took place during the Candlemas. [12]/[13]
September 10, 1509 Istanbul, Turkey
see 1509 Istanbul earthquake
10,000 7.2
January 26, 1531 Lisbon, Portugal 30,000  
July 13, 1605 Qiongshan, Hainan, China 3,000 X  
April 6, 1667 Dubrovnik, Croatia 3,000 7,5  
November 25, 1667 Shemakha, Azerbaijan 80,000 XII  
June 7, 1692 Port Royal, Jamaica 30,000  
January 11, 1693 Catania Province, Sicily 60,000  
1693 Naples, Italy 93,000  
1707 Japan (seismic wave) 30,000  
1731 Beijing, China 100,000  
October 16, 1737 Kamchatka, Russia 9.3 See Kamchatka earthquakes
June 7, 1755 Northern Persia 40,000  
November 18, 1755 Boston, Massachusetts, USA 0  
February 28, 1780 Iran 200,000 Latitude: 38, longitude: 46.2
February 4—5, March 28, 1783 Calabria, Italy 35,000  
February 4, 1797 Quito, Ecuador & Cuzco, Peru 41,000  
February 10, 1797 Sumatra, East Indies (now Indonesia) 300 8.4  
November 22, 1800, 1:30 p.m. local time San Diego, California, USA (lat. 34.00, long. 117.18) Unknown 6.5 Resulted in varying levels of damage at Mission San Diego de Alcalá, Mission San Luis Rey de Francia, and Mission San Juan Capistrano California Earthquake History 1769-Present
December 8, 1812, 9:45 a.m. local time Wrightwood, California, USA (lat. 34.22, long. 117.39) 42 7.0 Destroyed the "Great Stone Church" at Mission San Juan Capistrano Southern California Earthquake Data Center
December 21, 1812, 11:00 a.m. local time Santa Barbara Channel, California, USA (lat. 34.12, long. 119.54) 0 7.0 Destroyed the church at Mission Santa Barbara, caused near-total destruction at Mission La Purísima Concepción, and considerable damage at Mission Santa Inés Southern California Earthquake Data Center
November 25, 1833 Sumatra, East Indies (now Indonesia) 8.7  
May 8, 1847 Around Zenkō-ji Temple, (now in Nagano Prefecture, Chūbu region,) Japan more than 8,300 7.4 2,094 houses lost by fire with quake at Nagano
January 23, 1855 21:11 local time Wairarapa, New Zealand
see 1855 Wairarapa earthquake
4 ~8.0 Raised sections of Wellington coastline by 2 metres
November 11, 1855 Edo (now Tokyo, Kantō region), Japan more than 4,700 6.9 10,000 house destroyed in Edo 安政の大地震 in Japanese
February 16, 1861 Sumatra, East Indies (now Indonesia) 8.5  
September 9, 1880, 7:04 local time Zagreb, Croatia 1 6.3  
April 4, 1905 Kangra, Himachal Pradesh, India 20,000 7.8 Kangra district HQ Dharamsala devastated [4]
June 11, 1909 Lambesc, France 46 6,2 Highest magnitude earthquake ever recorded in continental France. 250 wounded. 2,000 buildings damaged
February 3, 1931, 10:47 local time Napier, New Zealand
see 1931 Hawke's Bay earthquake
258 7.9 Much of city destroyed; 40 km² of seabed raised to become dry land
December 25, 1932, Gansu, China 70,000 7.6
April 21, 1935, 6:02 local time Shinchiku-Taichū, Taiwan 3,279 7.1
December 20, 1942, Turkey
see North Anatolian Fault
6.9
November 26, 1943, Turkey
see North Anatolian Fault
7.7
January 15, 1944, 20:50 GMT-3 San Juan, Argentina 8,000 ~ 10,000 IX (7.8) The 30 second long earthquake destroyed 95% of the city, located 30 km from the epicentre.
February 1, 1944, Turkey
see North Anatolian Fault
7.5
August 17, 1949, Turkey
see North Anatolian Fault
7.1
August 13, 1951, Turkey
see North Anatolian Fault
6.8
August 8-August 12, 1953 Kefalonia, Greece
476 7.2 113 tremors over five days
May 26, 1957, Turkey
see North Anatolian Fault
6.8
July 26, 1963 Skopje, Yugoslavia 6.1 see 1963 Skopje earthquake
August 19, 1966, Turkey
see North Anatolian Fault
6.6
July 22, 1967, Turkey
see North Anatolian Fault
7.0
October 25 and 26, 1969, 16:30 and 8:00 local time Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina 1 and 20 6.2 and 7.0
January 4, 1970 China
see 1970 Tonghai earthquake[14]
10,000[14]–15,000[15] 7.7[14] Reuters, People's Republic of China State Seismology Bureau
May 22, 1971, Turkey
see North Anatolian Fault
6.8
December 23, 1972 Managua, Nicaragua 5,000 – 20,000 6.3 Somoza mishandling of earthquake aid has been cited as a contributing factor to the Sandinista revolution; devastated largest city in Nicaragua (Managua)
June 30, 1975 Norris Junction, Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming, USA 0 6.1 Largest earthquake in Yellowstone Caldera since 1959 Hebgen Lake event
March 4, 1977 Bucharest, Romania
see 1977 Bucharest earthquake
1500 7.5 Lasted ~5 minutes and left the capital devastated.
April 15, 1979 Herceg Novi, Dubrovnik, Montenegro, Croatia 100 5.6
December 28, 1989 Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia 13 5.6 This is the only deadly Australian earthquake recorded to date
June 21, 1990 Northwestern Iran; see 1990 Manjil-Rudbar earthquake 40000 7.7
March 13, 1992 Erzincan,Turkey
see North Anatolian Fault
6.5
November 14, 2001 Qinghai,China
see 2001 Kunlun earthquake
0 7.8 Longest surface rupture (~450 km) ever recorded on land [16]

Note: Magnitudes are generally estimations from intensity data. When no magnitude was available, the maximum intensity, written as a Roman numeral from I to XII, is given.

Recent earthquakes not listed aboveEdit

2004Edit

Date Time‡ Place Lat. Long. Fatalities Comments Magnitude
September 5, 2004 10:07 and 14:57 UTC (19:07 and 23:57 Local Time) Southeast off Mie Prefecture, Kinki-Tōkai regions, Japan 0 20+ injured, tsunami and flooding 6.9 and 7.4
September 21, 2004 11:05 and 13:32 UTC (13:05/14:05 and 15:32/16:32 Local Time) Baltic region (Poland, Kaliningrad Oblast, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Belarus, Sweden) 0 At least 17 injuries; several damages in Poland and Kaliningrad 4.4 and 5.3
October 8, 2004 15:35 Mindoro, Philippines 13.21 121.65 Sporadic blackouts 6.6
October 9, 2004 22:26 80 kilometres southwest of Managua, Nicaragua 12 86 0 Minimal damage 6.9
October 23, 2004 08:56 UTC (17:56 Local Time) Mid Niigata Prefecture, Chūbu region, Japan
see 2004 Chūetsu earthquake
37.3 138.8 46 4801 injured; 103,000+ displaced 6.9
October 27, 2004 18:34 Vrancea, Romania 0 Telephone service interrupted; felt also in Bulgaria, Ukraine, Moldova and Turkey 5.8 (Istanbul's Kandilli Observatory reported 6.5)
November 10, 2004 22:58 Solomon Islands 9 159 0 No injuries nor damage 6.9
November 11, 2004 21:36 96 kilometres west-northwest of Dili, East Timor 6 21 injured 7.3
November 15, 2004 09:00 approx. off coast of Chocó, Colombia 0 11+ injured, 18 homes destroyed, half near Buenaventura 6.7
November 21, 2004 45 kilometres north-northwest of Dominica 1 Half-dozen injured, damage also in Guadeloupe 6.0
November 21, 2004 48 kilometres south-southwest of San José, Costa Rica 8 Half-dozen injured 6.2
November 28, 2004 18:32 UTC (03:32 AM November 29 Local Time) Off Kushiro Subprefecture, Hokkaidō, Japan; 50 km below sea level 0 8 injured, utility services interrupted in hundreds of homes 7.1
December 23, 2004 14:59 495 kilometres north of Macquarie Island, SW of New Zealand 50.24°S 160.13°E 0 Minimal damage reported in southern New Zealand 8.1

2005Edit

Date Time‡ Place Lat. Long. Fatalities Comments Magnitude
February 11, 2005 21:00:23.9 114 kilometres southwest of Haines Junction, Yukon, Canada 60.21°N 139.50°W 0 No damage nor injuries 5.5
February 22, 2005 02:25:21 UTC (05:55:21 AM Local Time) Zarand, Iran
see 2005 Zarand earthquake
30.726°N 56.817°E 790+ Hundreds injured, damage in some 40 villages, centered 150 miles from Bam, Iran 6.4
March 5, 2005 19:06:52 UTC (03:06:52 AM March 6 Local Time) Near Sua-ho, Taiwan 24.607°N 121.859°E 0 Followed minutes later by a magnitude 5.4 aftershock. 5.7
March 6, 2005 06:17:49 UTC (01:17:49 AM Local Time) Gaspé Peninsula, Canada 47.750°N 69.730°W 0 102 km (63 miles) WNW (303°) from Fort Kent, Maine 5.4
March 20, 2005 01:53 UTC (10:53 AM Local Time) West off Fukuoka Prefecture, Kyūshū region, Japan
see Fukuoka earthquake
33.54°N 130.12°E 1 1145 injured; 3000+ displaced 7.0
June 12, 2005 15:41 UTC (08:41 AM Local Daylight Time) Anza, California, USA 33.533°E 116.578°SE 0 5.2
June 13, 2005 22:44:33 UTC (18:44:33 Local Time) Tarapacá, Chile 19.896°S 69.125°W 11 115 km (70 miles) ENE of Iquique, Chile. 7.8
June 15, 2005 02:50:53 UTC (18:50:53 June 14 Local Daylight Time) Offshore of Northern California, USA 41.284°N 125.983°W 0 157 km (98 miles) WSW of Crescent City, California. 7.2
June 16, 2005 20:53 UTC (13:53 Local Daylight Time) Yucaipa, California, USA 34.058N 117.011W 5 km NE of Yucaipa, CA 4.9
July 26, 2005 04:10 UTC (22:08 July 25 Local Daylight Time) Butte, Montana, USA 45.35°N 112.867°W 0 77 km (48 miles) SSW of Butte, MT 5.6
August 16, 2005 02:46:30 UTC (11:46:30 AM Local Time) Off the east coast of Miyagi Prefecture, Tōhoku region, Japan
see Miyagi earthquake
38.259°N 148.980°E 0 95 km (60 miles) E of Sendai, Miyagi. 7.2
September 26, 2005 01:56 UTC (20:56 September 25 Local Time) Northern Peru 2 100 km (60 miles) northeast of the jungle city of Moyobamba in the San Martín Region of Peru, and the earthquake struck an area about 715 km (445 miles) north of Lima. 7.5
October 8, 2005 03:50:38 UTC (08:50:38 AM Local Time) Kashmir, Pakistan
see 2005 Kashmir earthquake
34.43°N 73.54°E 75000+ 19 km (11.8 miles) northeast of Muzaffarabad, Azad Kashmir, Pakistan 7.6
November 26, 2005 00:49:37 UTC (08:49:37 AM Local Time) Jiujiang, Jiangxi province, China 29.7°N 115.7°E 13 Midway between Ruichang County seat and Jiujiang City 5.7
December 5, 2005 12:19:55 UTC (14:19:55 Local Time) Lake Tanganyika region, Congo-Tanzania
see 2005 Lake Tanganyika earthquake
6.212°S 29.599°E 2 55 km (35 miles) SE of Kalemie, DR Congo 6.8

2006Edit

Date Time‡ Place Lat. Long. Fatalities Comments Magnitude
January 8, 2006 11:34:52 UTC (13:34:52 Local Time) Southern Greece
see 2006 Southern Greece earthquake
36.250°N 23.498°E   195 km (120 miles) S of Athens 6.9
February 22, 2006 22:19 UTC (00:19 AM February 23 Local Time) Northern Mozambique       140 miles southwest of Beira 7.5
April 20, 2006 23:25:04 UTC Koryak Okrug, Russia
see 2006 Kamchatka earthquakes
61.075°N 167.085°E 0 195 km (120 miles) NE of Ilpyrskoye, Russia. Several aftershocks, up to 6.1 on the Richter Scale 7.6
May 3, 2006 15:26:39 UTC Tonga 20.130°S 174.164°W 0 Several aftershocks, up to 6.0 on the Richter Scale 7.9
May 16, 2006 10:39:23 UTC Kermadec Islands, New Zealand 31.559°S 179.296°W 0 7.4
May 27, 2006 22:54:02 UTC Java, Indonesia
see May 2006 Java earthquake
7.977°S 110.318°E 6234 25 km (15 miles) SSW of Yogyakarta, Indonesia, over 6,200 dead, 33,000 injured, more than 200,000 left homeless 6.3
Jul 17, 2006 08:19:25 UTC South of Java, Indonesia
see July 2006 Java earthquake
9.334°S 107.263°E 400+ 225 km (140 miles) NE of Christmas Island; 240 km (150 miles) SSW of Tasikmalaya 7.7
Aug 11, 2006 14:30:39 UTC Guerrero, Mexico 18.486°N 100.930°W 0 75 km (45 miles) WNW of Arcelia, Guerrero, Mexico 6.0
Aug 11, 2006 20:54:12 UTC Pulau Simeuleu, Sumatra, Indonesia 2.374°N 96.321°E 0 285 km (175 miles) WNW of Sibolga, Sumatra, Indonesia 6.0
Aug 20, 2006 03:41:47 UTC Scotia Sea 61.023°S 34.373°W 0 495 km (305 miles) WSW of Bristol Island, South Sandwich Islands 7.1
September 10, 2006 14:56:07 UTC Gulf of Mexico 26.339°N 86.568°W 0 418 km (260 miles) WSW of Clearwater, Florida 6.0
October 15, 2006 17:07:48 UTC Hawaii, USA (See 2006 Hawaii earthquake) 19.801°N 156.053°W 0 6.7
November 15, 2006 11:14:16 UTC Kuril Islands, Russia 46.616°N 153.224°E 0 Small tsunami hit Northern Japan, several aftershocks as strong as magnitude 6.3 8.3
November 29, 2006 07:22:55 UTC Sudbury, Ontario, Canada 46.48°N 81.17°W 0 Epicentre near Lively. No major damage; reported to have been felt as far as Toronto. 4.1
December 26, 2006 12:26:21 UTC 91 km (56 miles) SSE of Kaohsiung, Taiwan See:2006 Hengchun earthquake 21.818°N 120.534°E 2 Phone service & Internet service interrupted; items knocked off shelves; three buildings destroyed; magnitude 7.0 aftershock struck eight minutes later. 7.1

2007Edit

Date Time‡ Place Lat. Long. Fatalities Comments Magnitude
January 13, 2007 04:23:20 UTC East of the Kuril Islands, Russia 46.288°N 154.448°E 0 Several aftershocks up to magnitude 6. Tsunami warnings issued for the entire Pacific basin. The second great earthquake to strike this region in three months. 8.2
January 20, 2007 11:56:51 UTC (20:56:51 Local Time) Gangwon-do,South Korea 37.75°N 128.69°E 0 4.8
January 21, 2007 07:39:00 UTC Province of Ağrı, Turkey 39.803°N 42.807°E 0 Demolished homes in several villages 5.1
January 21, 2007 11:27:42 UTC Molucca Sea 1.207°N 126.292°E 4 Preceded by a magnitude 6 foreshock. Several aftershocks up to magnitude 6.2. 7.5
February 12, 2007 11:27:42 UTC Cabo de São Vicente, Portugal 36.09°N 10.26°E Main: 2007 Iberian Peninsula earthquake 6.1
March 6, 2007 05:49:28 UTC Sumatra, Indonesia 0.490°S 100.529°E 60+ Main: March 2007 Sumatra earthquakes
Followed by a magnitude 6.3 aftershock and several smaller ones. Widespread damage to homes, communication lines, and travel ways in Sumatra. Thousands forced to flee their homes.
6.4
March 25, 2007 00:40:02 UTC Vanuatu 20.597°S 169.413°E 0 7.2
March 25, 2007 00:42:02 UTC (09:42:02 AM Local Time) Off the west coast of Noto Peninsula, northern Ishikawa Prefecture, Chūbu region, Japan 37.537°N 136.438°E 1 Main: 2007 Noto earthquake
110 injured. Tsunami warnings issued for the nearby coastal areas, 6-inch tsunami hit shore closest to epicenter.
6.7
April 1, 2007 20:39:56 UTC Solomon Islands 8.474°S 156.950°E 28+ Main: 2007 Solomon Islands earthquake
Followed by a magnitude 6.7 aftershock. Tsunami destroyed at least 60 buildings and left at least 2,000 people homeless. 10 to 20 remain missing.
8.1
April 13, 2007 05:42:23 UTC Guerrero, Mexico 17.353°N 100.101°W 0 Followed by a magnitude 5.4 aftershock. Extensive power outages in Mexico City and Acapulco, but no serious damage. 6.0
April 20, 2007 01:45:56 UTC (10:45:56 AM Local Time) Northwest off Miyako-jima Island, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan 25.714°N 125.250°E 0 Preceded by a magnitude 6 foreshock, followed by many aftershocks up to magnitude 5.9. 6.1
April 28, 2007 07:18:11 UTC Kent, UK 51.080°N 1.170°E 0 Main: 2007 Kent earthquake
474 houses reported as having toppled chimneys and cracked walls; 73 of these were deemed too dangerous for the residents to return.
4.2
May 16, 2007 08:56:18 UTC Laos 20.470°N 100.703°E 0 Caused buildings to sway as far away as Bangkok. There were widespread evacuations, but no reports of significant damage. 6.3
June 2, 2007 21:34:58 UTC Yunnan, China 23.013°N 101.053°E 2 2 killed, over 200 more injured (15 seriously). Significant damage to some houses and roads, as well as electrical lines, communication lines, and water pipes. 6.2
June 13, 2007 19:29:46 UTC Offshore Guatemala 13.628°N 90.732°W 0 Phone communications down throughout Guatemala. Many houses damaged and some people possibly missing. Shaking felt into El Salvador and waveform registered as far away as Midway Island. A magnitude 5.8 quake struck the same area five days beforehand. 6.8
July 6, 2007 01:09:21 UTC Chiapas, Mexico 16.678°N 93.479°W 0 Power and phone service knocked out. Buildings and businesses in three Mexican states evacuated. 6.1
July 16, 2007 01:13:28 UTC (10:13:28 AM Local Time) Off northern Niigata Prefecture, Chūbu region, Japan 37.574°N 138.440°E 9 Main: 2007 Chūetsu offshore earthquake
Many wooden buildings collapsed. Hundreds of people trapped and injured, with 9 confirmed dead. 50cm waves hit shores near the epicenter. Fires broke out near the Kashiwazaki nuclear power station, causing a small leak of radioactive material into the sea. Aftershocks up to magnitude 5.8; a magnitude 6.8 quake struck further west several hours later, but caused no damage due to its large depth.
6.6
July 18, 2007 17:30:00 UTC (20:30:00 Local Time) Nairobi, Kenya

Ol Doinyo Lengai, Tanzania

1°17′0″S, 36°49′0″E 0 The current largest event of an ongoing earthquake swarm, possibly as a result of volcanic activity on Ol Doinyo Lengai volcanic mountain in Northern Tanzania. Tremor occurrences began on July 12, 2007. Shook buildings and caused panic in East Africa 5.9
July 20, 2007 11:40:00 UTC (04:40:00 AM Local Daylight Time) San Francisco, California, USA 37°48′4″N, 122°11′3″W 0 Slight damage, no injuries reported. 4.2
August 1, 2007 17:08:54 UTC Vanuatu 15.671°S 167.602°E 0 No tsunami threat - while the hypocenter was offshore, it was too deep to cause enough surface displacement for a tsunami. 7.2
August 2, 2007 02:37:43 UTC Tatar Strait, Russia 47.259°N 141.750°E 1 Followed by a magnitude 6.1 aftershock and several smaller ones. 12-inch tsunami hit northern Japan. Several injuries and one fatality from a collapsed roof in the Russian town of Nevelsk. 6.2
August 8, 2007 17:04:58 UTC Java, Indonesia 5.968°S 107.655°E 0 Felt throughout west and central Java. Hypocenter too deep to set off tsunami warnings. 7.5
August 15, 2007 23:40:58 UTC 40.2 km (25 miles) northwest of Chincha Alta, Peru 13.322°S 76.508°W 519 Main: 2007 Peru earthquake
519 people killed with 1,366 injured. Followed by a large number of aftershocks larger than magnitude 5, the strongest of which measured 6.3. Tsunami warnings for Chile, Peru, Hawaii, other areas of Central and South America were later cancelled.
8.0
September 12, 2007 11:10:23 UTC Sumatra, Indonesia 4.517°S 101.382°E 23 Main: September 2007 Sumatra earthquakes
Buildings swayed in Jakarta. Many buildings collapsed on the west coast of Sumatra. At least 23 dead, and over a hundred injured. Tsunami alert issued for the entire Indian Ocean region. Followed by two other earthquakes measuring 7.9 and 7.0, and over a hundred aftershocks.
8.5
September 28, 2007 13:38:58 UTC Mariana Islands, USA 21.980°N 142.685°E 0 This was a deep focus earthquake, thus no Tsunami warnings were issued. A magnitude 6.9 occurred further South of the islands on September 30. 7.4
September 30, 2007 05:23:36 UTC Auckland Islands, New Zealand 49.394°S 163.842°E 0 Followed by a magnitude 6.6 aftershock. 7.4
October 15, 2007 12:29 UTC Milford Sound, South Island, New Zealand 44.68°S 167.21°E 0 Followed by 7 major aftershocks all being above magnitude 4, with the largest being 6.2. 6.7
October 24, 2007 21:02:51 UTC Southern Sumatra, Indonesia 3.909°S 101.061°E 0 Considered to be an aftershock of the magnitude 8.5 quake that struck the same region on September 12, 2007. 6.8
October 31, 2007 03:04:54 UTC Alum Rock, California, USA 37.4325°N 121.7757°W 0 Occurred on the Calaveras Fault. No major damage. Largest quake to hit the San Francisco Bay Area since the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake. 5.4
October 31, 2007 03:30:20 UTC Pagan Region, Northern Mariana Islands, USA 18.854°N 145.315°E 0 Deep enough to not warrant a tsunami warning. 7.2
November 14, 2007 15:40:53 UTC Antofagasta, Chile 22.189°S 69.843°W 2 Main: 2007 Antofagasta earthquake
Two killed, dozens more injured, at least 4,000 left homeless. A tsunami warning was initially issued for the whole south Pacific, but was lifted within an hour.
7.7
November 25, 2007 16:02:18 UTC Sumbawa, Indonesia 8.294°S 118.360°E 3 Two earthquakes of magnitude 6.5 occurring within hours of each other. At least 3 killed, hundreds injured and many houses destroyed. 6.5 and 6.5
November 29, 2007 19:00:19 UTC Martinique Region, Windward Islands , France (overseas dep.) 14.951°N 61.241°W 1 Strongest earthquake to affect the Eastern Caribbean in decades. Widespread moderate to locally severe damage reported throughout Martinique and Dominica with furthest reports of damage coming from Barbados 274 km from the epicenter where landslips caused partial collapse of apartment buildings. Felt from Puerto Rico in the north to as far as Guyana and Venezuela in the south. No tsunami warning issued due to the deep hypocenter of the earthquake [17]. 7.4
December 9, 2007 02:03:29 UTC Minas Gerais, Brazil 15.049°S 44.199°W 1 One killed, six more injured, six houses completely leveled. Sixty residents in two small towns near the epicenter were evacuated. 4.9
December 9, 2007 07:28:24 UTC South of the Fiji Islands 26.156°S 177.453°W 0 7.8
December 19, 2007 09:30:30 UTC Andreanof Islands, Aleutians, Alaska, USA 51.495°N 179.473°W 0 7.2

2008Edit

Date Time‡ Place Lat. Long. Fatalities Comments Magnitude
January 5, 2008 11:01:05 UTC Queen Charlotte Islands, Canada 51.299°N 130.713°W 0 Two earthquakes of magnitude 6.6 and 6.4 occurring within 45 minutes of each other. The first was preceded by a magnitude 5.6 foreshock approx 20 minutes before. Aftershocks of magnitude 5.0. 6.6 and 6.4
January 6, 2008 05:14:17 UTC Athens, Greece 37.150°N 22.934°W 0 6.5 [18]
February 3, 2008 07:34:12 UTC Lake Kivu region, Congo 2.314°S 28.896°E 39+ Main: 2008 Lake Kivu earthquake
At least 39 killed and over 300 injured. Many buildings - commercial, religious, and residential - destroyed. Followed by several destructive aftershocks up to magnitude 5.0.
6.0
February 14, 2008 13:34 UTC Kalamata, Greece 36.646°N 21.833°E 0 6.5 and 6.4 [19]
February 20, 2008 08:08:31 UTC Simeulue, Indonesia 2.751°N 95.966°E 3 Quake lasted for almost a minute. Strongly felt more than 300 km (185 miles) away in Banda Aceh, where people left their offices after buildings started shaking. Precautionary tsunami alerts for Indonesia and nearby coastal areas were briefly issued. [20] 7.5
February 20, 2008 15:26:52 UTC Storfjorden, Svalbard (Norway) 77.41°N 14.48°E 0 The quake's epicenter was about 140 km south-east of Longyearbyen. The quake may be Norway's biggest quake in a hundred years. 6.2
February 21, 2008 14:16:05 UTC Wells, Nevada, USA 41.076°N 114.771°W 0 Earthquake near Wells, Nevada. It was the largest earthquake in the continental United States since the M6.6 June 17, 2005 earthquake offshore northern California. 6.0
February 27, 2008 00:56:45 UTC Market Rasen, Lincolnshire, UK 53.321°N 0.314°W 0 Main: 2008 Lincolnshire earthquake
Earthquake reported 15 km north east of Lincoln. Tremor felt across the UK, as far north as Newcastle upon Tyne and south as London. Quake lasted for approximately 20 seconds.[21]
5.2
April 18, 2008 09:36:56 UTC (04:36:56 AM Local Daylight Time) Southeastern Illinois, USA 38.481°N 87.826°W 0 Main: 2008 Illinois earthquake
Earthquake centered 66 km (41 miles) NNW of Evansville, Indiana, near the village of West Salem, Illinois. It was felt widespread across southern Illinois and eastern portions of Missouri including St. Louis, 203 km (126 miles) away. Aftershocks were felt as far south as Tennessee and Georgia in the United States and Ontario in Canada.[22][23][24]
5.2
May 7, 2008 16:45:00 UTC Off Ibaraki Prefecture, Kantō region, Japan 36.141°N 141.540°E 0 Earthquake centered 100 miles of the coast of Japan at depth of 25 miles. Half an hour later hit another quake in the same area measuring a magnitude of 5.2. Two people got injured from falling furniture. This was the strongest earthquake in Tokyo since 1923 Great Kantō earthquake[25]. 6.8
May 12, 2008 06:28:00 UTC Sichuan Province, China 31.099°N 103.279°E 69,197+ Main: 2008 Sichuan earthquake
Earthquake centered 92 km northwest of Chengdu. Felt as far away as Beijing and Shanghai, where office buildings swayed with the impact[26][27]. So far more than 7,000 aftershocks[28][29] have been recorded, including 110 strong aftershocks and a 6.0Mw aftershock on May 25, killing eight people, injuring hundreds, and causing billions in damage[30][31]; several subsequesnt strong and fatal aftershocks have also occurred. Fatalities last updated 6th July 2008.
8.0
May 24, 2008 19:20:46 UTC El Calvario, Colombia (50 km from Bogotá) 4.447°N 73.670°W 11 Main: 2008 El Calvario earthquake
Preceded by a foreshock of magnitude 4.0 roughly two hours before.
5.9
May 29, 2008 15:46 UTC Selfoss, Southern Iceland (30 miles from Reykjavik) 63.992°N 21.014°W 0 Main: 2008 Iceland earthquake
Demolished and considerably damaged homes and up to 30 minor injuries reported. Followed by a number of aftershocks around magnitude 4. Buildings and businesses evacuated and people were advised to stay outside by the civil defense.
6.3
June 8, 2008 13:25 UTC Peloponnese region, 32 km SW of Patras, Greece 38.029°N 21.464°E 2 Main: 2008 Peloponnese earthquake
Caused damage, injured at least 220, and made at least 2,000 homeless.
6.3
June 13, 2008 23:43 UTC (08:43 AM June 14 Local Time) Southern inland of Iwate Prefecture, Tōhoku region, Japan 39.122°N 140.678°E 13 Main: 2008 Iwate-Miyagi Nairiku earthquake
Recent earthquake with epicentre at 8 Km depth. 13 people are reportedly dead, and 10 are still missing. About 300 people were injured throughout Tohoku.
7.2 (JMA), 6.9 (USGS)
June 22, 2008 23:56 UTC Northeastern Sakha, Russia 67.730°N 141.249°E 0 18 km depth, occurring in Northeastern Russia. 6.1
June 26, 2008 21:19 UTC Tonga 20.751°S 133.335°W 0 38.7 km depth, occurring east of Tongan Islands. Followed by a mag. 5.1 aftershock on June 27. 6.1
June 27, 2008 11:40 UTC Andaman Islands, India 11.005°N 91.580°E 0 Epicentre located southwest of Port Blair, depth of 17 km. Followed by six recent mag. 5+ aftershocks, at depths between 35 and 25.7 km, including a major mag. 6.3 aftershock on June 28. 6.6
July 15, 2008 03:26 Dodecanese Islands, Greece 35.983°N 27.785°E 0 Main: 2008 Dodecanese earthquake

65 km (40 miles) southwest of Rhodes

6.4
July 19, 2008 02:39 UTC (11:39:31 AM Local Time) Off Fukushima Prefecture, Tōhoku region, Japan 37.627°N 142.111°E 0 Epicentre at 40.2 km depth and 145 km (90 miles) east of Fukushima with tsunami warning. 7.0 (USGS)
July 23, 2008 15:26:20 UTC (00:26:20 AM July 24 Local Time) Northern coast of Iwate Prefecture, Tōhoku region, Japan 39.807°N 141.467°E - Main: 2008 Iwate-Miyagi Nairiku earthquake
Recent earthquake with epicentre at 111 km (69.0 miles) depth. No people are reportedly dead yet, and 5 are still missing. About 75 people were injured.
6.8 (USGS)
July 24, 2008 01:43:17 UTC Kuril Islands, Russia 50.926°N 157.584°E 0 Earthquake depth of 37.3 km (23.2 mi) 6.2
July 28, 2008 21:40:48 UTC Solomon Islands 10.543°S 163.143°E 0 Earthquake depth of 10 km (6.2 mi), preceded by a foreshock of magnitude 5.9 6.0
July 29, 2008 18:42:15 UTC (11:42:15 July 29 Local Time) Greater Los Angeles Area, California, USA 33.955°N 117.765°W 0

Main: 2008 Chino Hills earthquake
Epicenter near Chino Hills, 30 miles ESE of Los Angeles, no injuries or fatalities reported so far, felt in Las Vegas, San Diego, Fresno, and the east Pacific Ocean. Minor damages reported.

5.4 (USGS) (Originally 5.6–upgraded to 5.8–downgraded to 5.4
July 30, 2008 10:23:35 UTC Oaxaca, Mexico 16.411°N 95.707°W 0 Depth of 43 km, epicenter 60 km (40 mi) from Salina Cruz, Mexico. 5.3
August 15, 2008 10:25:16 UTC Samar, Philippines 12.897°N 124.294°E 0 Depth of 10 km, epicenter 65 km (40 mi) from Legazpi City, Luzon, followed by eight major mag. 5+ aftershocks. 6.0
August 21, 2008 12:24:31 UTC Yunnan, China - Myanmar border region 25.066°N 97.737°E 0 Depth of about 10 km (6.2 mi), 35 km (20 mi) from Myitkyina, Myanmar, preceded by a mag. 5.0 foreshock on August 21 and a mag. 5.2 foreshock on August 19. 6.0
August 25, 2008 11:25:18 UTC North Island, New Zealand 39.687°S 176.450°E 0 Depth of about 10 km (6.2 mi), 50 km (30 miles) from Napier, New Zealand. Minor damage reported in the city of Hastings; minor power outages in nearby Napier. Followed by a mag. 5.2 aftershock on September 1. 5.5
August 25, 2008 13:21:59 UTC Western Xizang, China (Tibet) 30.893°N 83.614°E 0 Depth of 12 km (7.5 mi), near Nepal border, followed by ten mag. 5+ strong aftershocks and one mag. 6+ aftershock. 6.7
August 26, 2008 21:00:36 UTC Northern Peru 7.670°S 74.391°W 0 Depth of 153 km (95.1 mi), preceded by a mag. 5.2 foreshock on August 22. 6.4
August 27, 2008 01:35:32 UTC Lake Baikal, Russia 51.620°N 104.135°E 0 Depth of 16 km (9.9 mi), 75 km (45 mi) from Irkutsk, Russia. 6.2
August 27, 2008 21:52:38 UTC Iran-Iraq border region 32.440°N 47.408°E 0 Depth of 10 km (6.2 mi), 70 km (45 mi) from Al-Amarah, Iraq. 5.7
August 30, 2008 06:54:06 UTC Eastern Papua New Guinea 6.194°S 147.256°E 0 Depth of 56 km (34.8 mi), 70 km (40 mi) from Lae, Papua New Guinea. 6.3
August 30, 2008 08:30:52 UTC Sichuan-Yunnan border region, China 26.277°N 101.915°E 40+ Main: 2008 Panzhihua earthquake
Depth of 10 km (6.2 mi), 35 km (20 mi) from Panzhihua, Sichuan, hundreds injured, followed by a large mag. 5.5 aftershock on August 31, 2008.
5.7 (USGS)/ 6.1 (CEA)
September 1, 2008 04:22:32 UTC Southern Tajikistan 37.420°N 68.925°E 0 Depth of 10 km (6.2 mi), 75 km (45 mi) from Shaartuz, Tajikistan. 5.4
September 8, 2008 18:52:08 UTC Vanuatu 13.514°S 166.967°E 0 121.8 km (75.7 mi) depth, preceded by a mag. 6.2 foreshock on the same day. 6.9
September 10, 2008 11:00:34 UTC Southern Iran 26.823°N 55.825°E - 15 km (9.3 mi) depth, epticenter 60 km (40 mi) from Bandar Abbas, Iran, followed by six strong mag. 5+ aftershocks. 6.1
September 10, 2008 16:12:03 UTC Tarapaca, Chile 20.234°S 69.131°W 0 Depth of 37.7 km (23.4 mi). 5.4
September 11, 2008 00:00:03 UTC Halmahera, Indonesia 1.875°N 127.366°E 0 Depth of 98.3 km (61.1 mi), 120 km (75 mi) from Ternate, Maluku Islands, Indonesia, followed by two mag. 5+ aftershocks. 6.1
September 11, 2008 00:20:52 UTC Hokkaidō, Japan 41.979°N 143.625°E 0 Depth of 35 km (21.7 mi), followed by five recent strong mag. 5+ aftershocks. 5.9
September 13, 2008 09:32:01 UTC Colombia 4.779°N 75.489°W 0 132.4 km (82.3 mi) depth, 25 km (15 mi) from Pereira, Colombia. 5.7
September 14, 2008 00:00:07 UTC East Timor 8.717°S 126.863°E - 11.4 km (7.1 mi) depth, 145 km (90 mi) from Dili, East Timor, followed by a mag. 5.7 aftershock on September 16. 5.7
September 24, 2008 02:33:05 UTC Near Colima, Mexico 17.635°N 105.520°W 0 10 km (6.2 mi) depth, 200 km (125 mi) from Manzanillo, Colima, Mexico. 6.4
September 27, 2008 03:09:13 UTC Mindoro, Philippines 13.415°N 120.507°E - 81.9 km (50.9 mi) depth, 140 km (90 mi) from large city of Manila, Philippines, preceded by a mag. 5.7 foreshock on September 27. 5.9
September 29, 2008 15:19:31 UTC Kermadec Islands, New Zealand 29.872°S 177.684°W 0 35 km (21.7 mi) depth, 70 km (45 mi) from Raoul Island, followed by seventeen mag. 5+ aftershocks plus two mag. 6+ aftershocks. 7.0
October 5, 2008 15:52:49 UTC Eastern Kyrgyzstan 39.515°N 73.768°E 75 Main: 2008 Kyrgyzstan earthquake
Killed 75, epicenter close to town of Nura. Followed by five mag. 5+ aftershocks: three in Kyrgyzstan and two in nearby Xinjiang.
6.6
October 5, 2008 22:56:29 UTC Central Afghanistan 33.939°N 69.506°E - Depth of 10 km (6.2 mi), 70 km (45 mi) from city of Kabul. 5.9
October 6, 2008 08:30:45 UTC Eastern Tibet Autonomous Region (Xizang), China 29.759°N 90.302°E 10[32] Main: 2008 Damxung earthquake
Epicenter 80 km (50 mi) from Lhasa, 10 km (6.2 mi) depth, followed by three mag. 5+ aftershocks.
6.4
October 9, 2008 17:50:02 UTC Tonga 21.107°S 174.489°W - 35 km (21.7 mi) depth, 75 km (50 mi) from Nukuʻalofa, followed by one mag. 5+ aftershock. 5.9
October 11, 2008 09:06:10 UTC Chechnya, Russia 43.271°N 46.262°E ≥12[33] Main article: 2008 Chechnya earthquake
Killed at least 12, 15 km (9.3 mi) depth, epicenter 45 km (30 mi) from Grozny, Chechnya, Russia. Followed by a mag. 5.3 aftershock.
5.8
October 11, 2008 10:40:16 UTC Virgin Islands 19.282°N 64.832°W 0 25.8 km (16.0 mi) depth, felt in Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico, followed by a mag. 5.5 earthquake north of Puerto Rico on November 2. 6.1
October 12, 2008 20:55:42 UTC Chuquisaca Department, Bolivia 20.060°S 64.940°W 0 356.3 km (221.4 miles) depth. 6.2
October 16, 2008 19:41:26 UTC Near Chiapas, Mexico 14.443°N 92.423°W - 24 km (14.9 mi) depth, 55 km (35 mi) from Tapachula, Chiapas. 6.7
October 18, 2008 00:54:40 UTC Eastern New Guinea Register, Papua New Guinea 6.967°S 147.233°E 0 89.9 km (55.9 mi) depth, 35 km (20 mi) from town of Lae, Papua New Guinea. 5.7
October 19, 2008 05:10:32 UTC Tonga 21.857°S 173.824°W 0 21.8 km (13.5 mi) depth, 165 km (105 mi) from Nukuʻalofa, Tonga, followed by a mag. 5.6 aftershock. 6.9
October 28, 2008 23:09:58 UTC Northwestern Pakistan 30.653°N 67.323°E 215+ Main article: 2008 Pakistan earthquake
15 km (9.3 mi) depth, 60 km (35 mi) from Quetta, Pakistan. Preceded by a mag. 5.2 foreshock, followed 12 hours later by another mag. 6.4 earthquake, at 11:32:42, October 29 (UTC), at a depth of 10 km (6.2 mi), then followed by four mag. 5+ aftershocks. Death toll may rise above 400 as rescue efforts continue.
6.4
November 3, 2008 19:22:02 UTC Nias region, Indonesia 1.201°N 97.281°E - 35 km (21.7 mi) depth, epicenter on the shore of Nias Island. 5.7
November 4, 2008 18:35:48 UTC Vanuatu 17.122°S 168.425°E 0 206.7 km (128.4 mi) depth, 65 km (40 miles) north of Port-Vila, Efate, Vanuatu, followed by two mag. 5+ aftershocks. 6.3
November 7, 2008 07:19:35 UTC Vanuatu 14.862°S 168.049°E - 13 km (8.1 mi) depth, 125 km (75 mi) from Luganville, Espiritu Santo, Vanuatu, followed by four mag. 5+ aftershocks. 6.4
November 10, 2008 01:22:02 UTC Northern Qinghai, China 37.587°N 95.833°E - 16 km (9.9 mi) depth, 55 km (35 mi) from Da Qaidam, Qinghai, followed by three mag. 5+ aftershocks. 6.3
November 15, 2008 10:52:53 UTC St. Lawrence River Valley, Quebec, Canada 47.740°N 69.540°W 0 5 km (3.1 mi) depth, 23 km (14 mi) from Charlevoix, Quebec. 4.2
November 15, 2008 23:03:17 UTC Offshore El Salvador 13.049°N 88.937°W - 49 km (30.4 mi) depth, 80 km (50 mi) from San Salvador, El Salvador. 5.9
November 16, 2008 17:02:32 UTC Minahasa, Sulawesi, Indonesia 1.290°N 122.100°E 2 Main: 2008 Sulawesi earthquake
30 km (18.6 mi) depth, 135 km (85 mi) from Gorontalo, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Tsunami warnings were issued, strongest earthquake to hit Indonesia since 2007. Followed by five mag. 5+ aftershocks.
7.3
November 19, 2008 06:11:20 UTC Panama-Costa Rica border region 8.291°N 82.942°W - 35 km (19.9 mi) depth, 45 km (30 mi) from Golfito, Costa Rica. 6.2
November 22, 2008 16:00:59 UTC Southern Sumatra, Indonesia 4.411°S 101.218°E 0 10 km (6.2 mi) depth, 135 km (85 mi) from Bengkulu, Sumatra, two major mag. 5+ aftershocks plus one mag. 6.0 aftershock. 6.4
November 23, 2008 21:19:42 UTC Bio-Bio, Chile 36.162°S 72.664°W 0 31.2 km (19.4 mi) depth, 70 km (45 mi) from Chillan, Chile. 5.3
November 24, 2008 09:02:59 UTC Sea of Okhotsk 54.194°N 154.315°E 0 491.6 km (305.5 mi) depth. 7.3
December 18, 2008 21:19:29 UTC Off Valparaiso, Chile 32.421°S 71.561°W - 19 km (11.8 mi) depth, epicenter 70 km from Valparaiso, Chile, followed 31 minutes later by a mag. 6.0 aftershocks, and four other mag. 5+ aftershocks. 6.2
December 20, 2008 10:29:22 UTC East of Honshu, Japan 36.603°N 142.356°E 0 10 km (6.2 mi) depth, 140 km from Iwaki, Japan, preceded by three mag. 5+ foreshocks and four mag. 5+ aftershocks, including one mag. 6.0 aftershock. Tsunami warnings were not issued for Hawaii. 6.5
December 20, 2008 17:44:45 UTC Papua, Indonesia 2.747°S 139.002°E - 38.1 km (23.7 mi) depth, 190 km (120 mi) from Jayapura, Indonesia. 5.5

Largest earthquakes by magnitudeEdit

Pos. Date Location Magnitude
1 May 22, 1960 Valdivia, Chile (see: 1960 Valdivia earthquake) 9.5
2 December 26, 2004 Off west coast northern Sumatra, Indonesia (see: 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake) 9.3
3 October 16, 1737 Kamchatka, Russia (see: Kamchatka earthquakes) ~9.3
3 March 27, 1964 Prince William Sound, Alaska, USA (see: 1964 Alaska earthquake) 9.2
5 November 4, 1952 Kamchatka, Russia 9.0
6 January 26, 1700 Cascadia subduction zone (see: 1700 Cascadia earthquake) ~9
7 January 31, 1906 Colombia-Ecuador 8.8
8 February 4, 1965 Rat Islands, Alaska, USA 8.7
8 November 25, 1833 Sumatra, Indonesia 8.7
10 November 1, 1755 Lisbon, Portugal (see: 1755 Lisbon earthquake) ~8.7
11 March 28, 2005 Sumatra, Indonesia 8.6-8.7*
12 March 9, 1957 Andreanof Islands, Alaska, USA (see: 1957 Andreanof Islands earthquake) 8.6
12 December 16, 1920 Ningxia-Gansu, China 8.6
12 August 15, 1950 Assam-Tibet 8.6
15 December 16, 1575 Valdivia, Chile 8.5
15 September 12, 2007 Sumatra, Indonesia 8.5

* Scientists have not yet agreed on an official magnitude.</small>

Deadliest earthquakes on recordEdit

Rank Name Date Location Fatalities Magnitude Comments
1 "Shaanxi" January 23, 1556 Shaanxi, China 830,000 8.0
2 "Tangshan" July 27, 1976 Tangshan, China 255,000 (official) 7.5 Estimated death toll as high as 655,000.
3 "Indian Ocean" December 26, 2004 Off West coast of Northern Sumatra, Indonesia ~230,210 dead and missing 9.3 Deaths from earthquake and tsunami.
4 "Aleppo" October 11, 1138 Aleppo, Syria 230,000 8.5 Death toll disputed as first mention of 230,000 dead was in the 15th century.
5 "Damghan" December 22, 856 Damghan, Iran 200,000
"Gansu" December 16, 1920 Ningxia-Gansu, China 200,000 - 240,000 7.8 or 8.5 Major fractures, landslides.
7 "Ardabil" March 23, 893+ Ardabil, Iran 150,000
8 "Great Kantō" September 1, 1923 Kantō region, Japan 143,000 7.9 Great Tokyo fire.
9 "Ashgabat" October 6, 1948 Ashgabat, Turkmenistan 110,000 7.3
10 "Kashmir" October 8, 2005 India & N.W.F.P, Pakistan 100,000 (estimated), 80,000 (official) 7.6 or 7.8 3.5 million people homeless, 100,000 feared dead
Source: USGS [5]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. Ammianus Marcellinus, "Res Gestae", 26.10.15-19
  2. For summaries of the sources, see: Stiros, Stathis C.: “The AD 365 Crete earthquake and possible seismic clustering during the fourth to sixth centuries AD in the Eastern Mediterranean: a review of historical and archaeological data”, Journal of Structural Geology, Vol. 23 (2001), pp. 545-562 (557f., App. A)
  3. "Giant statue of Hadrian unearthed". BBC News (2007-08-09). Retrieved on 2007-08-10.
  4. "Head of Roman empress unearthed". BBC News (2008-08-14). Retrieved on 2008-08-15.
  5. "Sculpture of Emperor Aurelius unearthed in Turkey". HotNews Turkey (2008-08-22). Retrieved on 2008-08-22.
  6. Ayyubid Architecture, Chapter 7 by Terry Allen
  7. LATE HOLOCENE PALEOSEISMIC TIMING AND SLIP RATE ALONG THE MISSYAF SEGMENT OF THE DEAD SEA FAULT IN SYRIA
  8. The large earthquake on 29 June 1170 (Syria, Lebanon, and central southern Turkey)
  9. The 12th century seismic paroxysm in the Middle East: a historical perspective, page 751 ff
  10. "Earthquake Synod." In Cross, F. L. and E. A. Livingstone, eds. The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church. London: Oxford UP, 1974. p. 437
  11. De Hamel, Christopher. The Book. A History of the Bible. London: Phaidon Press Limited, 2001. p. 169
  12. Josep Perarnau i Espelt (2002). "La lletra de Felip de Malla informant el rei Alfons del terratrèmol de la Candelera, 1428". Arxiu de textos catalans antics, 21:665–670. ISSN 0211-9811
  13. E. Banda and A. M. Correig (1984), "The Catalan earthquake of February 2, 1428", Engineering Geology, 20:89–97.
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 Kristof, Nicholas D. (1988-11-19). "Chinese Disclose That Quake In 1970 Killed About 10,000", The New York Times, The New York Times Company. Retrieved on 8 November 2008. 
  15. ""China breaks silence on devastation Ffrom quake 30 years ago"", Saint Louis Post-Dispatch (2000-01-08). Retrieved on 6 November 2008. 
  16. Li Li & Chen Yong 2002. Preliminary report on the Ms 8.1 Kokoxili (Qinghai, China) earthquake of 14 November 2001.Episodes, Vol. 25, no. 2, 95-99.
  17. http://www.prh.noaa.gov/ptwc/messages/caribe/2007/caribe.2007.11.29.190944.txt
  18. "Greece hit by strong earthquake", BBC.com (2008-01-06). Retrieved on 8 February 2008. 
  19. "Strong earthquake strikes Greece", BBC.com (2008-02-14). Retrieved on 14 February 2008. 
  20. "Three killed by Indonesian quake", BBC.com (2008-02-20). Retrieved on 20 February 2008. 
  21. "Earth tremor felt across England", BBC.com (2008-02-27). Retrieved on 27 February 2008. 
  22. Television reports, KSDK, "Early Today", "Today in St. Louis", April 18, 2008
  23. [1][dead link]
  24. Magnitude 5.2 - ILLINOIS
  25. 6.8 earthquake shakes Tokyo - CNN.com
  26. "Strong earthquake hits southwest China", http://www.reuters.com/article/topNews/idUSPEK23117420080512, May 12, 2008
  27. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/at00057368.php
  28. "大地震至今7千多次餘震" (in Chinese), Sina.com (2008-05-20). Retrieved on 21 May 2008. 
  29. "Earthquake List for 10-degree Map Centered at 30°N, 105°E". USGS (2008-05-30). Retrieved on 2008-05-30.
  30. "Aftershocks demolish China homes", BBC (2008-05-27). Retrieved on 28 May 2008. 
  31. "Amid Tremors, a City Trembles With Dread". The New York Times (2008-05-26). Retrieved on 2008-05-26.
  32. [2]
  33. (Russia Today)

External linksEdit

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